The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique mechanism of the Human Rights Council (HRC) aimed at improving the human rights situation on the ground of each of the 193 United Nations (UN) Member States.
Under this mechanism, the human rights situation of all UN Member States is reviewed every 5 years. 42 States are reviewed each year during three Working Group sessions dedicated to 14 States each. These three sessions are usually held in January/February, May/June and October/November.
The result of each review is reflected in the Final Report of the Working Group, which lists the recommendations the State under review (SuR) will have to implement before the next review.
—> The UPR is a full-circle process comprised of 3 key stages:
- Preparation for the Review and reporting on implementation
- Review of the human rights situation of the SuR and adoption of the Report
- Implementation of Recommendations and reporting at mid-term