[UPR Trax] :No24: Human Rights Council adopts new modalities for the second UPR cycle

From June 7 to 9, the Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted the Working Group Reports of States reviewed last January at the tenth UPR session: Nauru, Rwanda, Nepal, Saint Lucia, Oman, Austria, Myanmar, Australia, Georgia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Sao Tome and Principe, Namibia, Niger, Mozambique, Estonia and Paraguay. A record of 14 States out of 16 submitted an addendum containing their responses to the recommendations. The delegation of Myanmar rejected 22 recommendations because it considered that they were infringing their sovereign rights.

During the general debate under item 6 held on June 9, most States and NGOs took the floor to share the progress made (or not) by their country on implementing recommendations. Switzerland submitted a mid-term report while Azerbaijan, China, Colombia, Spain, the Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development and the Colombian Commission of Jurist provided oral updates.
During these three day adoptions, Canada organised the first side event on the follow-up. Delegations reviewed during the fourth session of the UPR were invited to present their progress made in implementing the recommendations received in February 2009. Delegates from Mauritius, Mexico, Senegal, Canada and Jordan took part in the event but only one national NGO (from Canada) was present. We hope that other States will follow this initiative in the future and that numerous NGOs will participate.
Last February, the Bahá’í International Community published the first ever NGO follow-up report on the implementation of recommendations. Their very detailed analysis of the implementation by the Government of Iran of eight recommendations pertaining to the Bahá’í Community is a model for NGO reporting.

On June 17, the HRC adopted decision A/HRC/17/L.29 on the "Follow up to the Human Rights Council Resolution 16/21 with regard to the Universal Periodic Review". The adoption on 25 March by the HRC of resolution A/HRC/RES/16/21 on the 2011 HRC Review had left several issues pending in relation to the second cycle of the UPR which were then discussed in three informal consultations in May and June. We now know the exact modalities for the second cycle of the UPR:

- The second and subsequent cycles will last 4.5 years.
- There will be 14 sessions per cycle.
- Only 14 States will be reviewed per session.
- Each review will last 3.5 hours. The State under Review will be given 70 minutes and other States 140 minutes.
- The order of review will be exactly the same. As there will be only by 14 States reviewed per session, the two last States of session 1, Czech Republic and Argentina, will be moved to the beginning of session 2, the last four of session 2, France, Tonga, Romania and Mali, will be moved to the beginning of session 3, etc.
- The first session of the second cycle will be held in June 2012. Session 2 will be held in October. There will be only two sessions in 2012. As of 2013, sessions will be held in January, May and October.
- The second and subsequent cycles of the review should focus on, inter alia, the implementation of the accepted recommendations and the developments of the human rights situation in the State under review.
- The list of speakers will open on the Monday of the week preceding the beginning of the Working Group session. For each review, States will be arranged in English alphabetical order and the beginning of the list will be drawn by lot. States will be able to swap place. All States will be given the floor. If needed be, time per speaker will be reduced to two minutes each and the 140 minutes will be divided by the number of speakers.
- The General Guidelines (HRC Decision 6/102) for the drafting of the three reports that form the basis of the review were slightly modified to give greater emphasis on the need for States to report on the implementation of recommendations.

On June 20, the HRC selected the troika members for the twelfth session of the UPR to be held from 3 to 14 October.


At UPR Info, we produced summaries of each informal consultation and prepared a document explaining all the new modalities for the second UPR cycle.

We also have started our follow-up project. We have already written to several States reviewed in 2008 as well as to the NGOs which had submitted information to the Office of the High Commissioner and to National human rights institutions. Depending on the State under Review and the number of recommendations received, the workload of this project is very heavy for all actors. However, we believe this mid-term picture is of great value to the process: States under Review have the possibility to easily communicate their progress made; the civil society is able to share its perspective from the field. We therefore strongly hope at UPR Info that thanks to this project and the participation of all UPR actors, the mechanism will be strengthened!

Quote of the month

“The remainder of the 46 recommendations does not enjoy our support because they do infringe our sovereign right"

H.E. Dr. Tun Shin, Attorney General of the Union, Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Adoption of the Report of the Working Group of Myanmar, Introductory statement, Human Rights Council 17th session, 8 June 2011.

Interview of the month

Our interviewee of the month is UPR Trax’s 1000th subscriber, Ms. Kasha N. Jaqueline, founder and Executive Director of Freedom and Roam Uganda. She talks about her engagement in the UPR process
 

Deadlines for NGO participation in the UPR

24 August: Submission of written statements for the General debate on the UPR (item 6) at the 18th session of the Human Rights Council (12 – 30 September)

24 August: Requests for side-event rooms (on-line only) at the 18th session of the Human Rights Council (12 – 30 September)

October-November: Expected deadline for the submission of information for the first session of the second cycle of the UPR. The following States will be reviewed: Bahrain, Ecuador, Tunisia, Morocco, Indonesia, Finland, United Kingdom, India, Brazil, Philippines, Algeria, Poland, Netherlands and South Africa. The exact deadline will be announced by the OHCHR here: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/UPR/Pages/NewDeadlines.aspx.

News on the UPR

  • New modalities for the UPR following the HRC Review - 30 June 2011

On June 17, the Human Rights Council (HRC) adopted decision A/HRC/17/L.29 on the "Follow up to the Human Rights Council Resolution 16/21 with regard to the Universal Periodic Review". Read more here…

  • HRC adopts decision on the follow-up to the HRC Review on the UPR - 1 July 2011

On 17 June 2011, the Human Rights Council (HRC) completed the review of its work and functioning by adopting decision A/HRC/17/L.29 on the Follow up to the Human Rights Council Resolution 16/21 with regard to the Universal Periodic Review.  Read more here…

  • Myanmar rejects 22 recommendations infringing "[their] sovereign right" - 30 June 2011

On 8 June 2011, the delegation of Myanmar rejected 22 recommendations because it considered that they were infringing their sovereign rights. Read more here…

  • The Bahá’í International Community publishes first NGO mid-term report on the follow-up - 30 June 2011

The Bahá’í International Community (BIC) published last February the first ever NGO follow-up report on the implementation of recommendations by a State. Read more here…

  • Troika members for session 12 - 29 June 2011

On Monday 20th, the Human Rights Council selected the troika members for States to be reviewed during the last session of the first UPR cycle to be held from 3 to 14 October 2011.

  • General debate on UPR turns into mid-term reporting exercice - 17 June 2011

On June 9, the Human Rights Council (HRC) held a general debate under item 6 on the Universal Periodic Review. Half of the States and NGOs taking the floor shared the progress made by their country on implementing UPR recommendations.  Read more here…

  • Human Rights Council reaches agreement on the format of the timetable for the second cycle UPR sessions – 15 June 2011

On Wednesday 15 June, the Human Rights Council (HRC) President convened a third informal consultation to reach an agreement on the format of the timetable for the UPR working groups of the second cycle. Read more here…

  • States provide information on the follow-up of their UPR recommendations during side event - 15 June 2011

On Wednesday 8 June, during the 17th session of the Human Rights Council, Canada organised a side-event on the UPR follow up. Delegations reviewed during the fourth session of the UPR were invited to present their progress made in implementing the recommendations received in February 2009.  Read more here…

  • Second consultation on the follow-up to the HRC Review on the UPR concludes with... holding a third consultation – 14 June 2011

On Friday 10 June, the Human Rights Council (HRC) President organised a second informal consultation on the follow-up to the HRC Review on the Universal Periodic Review. Read more here…

  • New version of the draft decision on the follow-up to the HRC Review on the UPR - 10 June 2011

A new version of the draft decision on the follow-up to the Human Rights Council (HRC) Review on the Universal Periodic Review was circulated today Friday 10 June. Read more here…

  • New option for the Working Group timetables at the 2nd UPR cycle - 10 June 2011

A new option for the Working Group timetables was circulated today Friday 10 June. Read more here…

  • Second informal consultation on the follow-up to the HRC Review on the UPR today 10 June - 10 June 2011

The Human Rights Council (HRC) President is organising today Friday 10 June a second informal consultation on the follow-up to the HRC Review on the Universal Periodic Review. Read more here…